It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.
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Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — The Arthashastra by Kautilya. The Arthashastra by Kautilya. The Arthashastra is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy, written in Sanskrit.
The text was influential until the 12th century, when it disappeared. It was rediscovered in by R. Shamasastry, who published it in The first English translation was published in It discusses the ethics of economics and the duties and obligations of a king.
Hardcoverpages. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Arthashastraplease sign up. Is this book a good to read for being involved into corporate world? Mazib Mohammad If you can interpret it in the kautiyla of today’s world, then yes. Also in addition to this get ”art of war” by Sun Tsu Translated in context to the corporate world less.
See 2 questions about The Arthashastra…. Lists with This Book. Jan 07, Riku Sayuj rated it it was amazing Shelves: The Arthashastra is written mainly in prose but also incorporates shlokaswhich adds a vital poetic flourish to this otherwise down-to-earth classic.
The text of this extraordinarily detailed manual contains fifteen books which cover numerous topics viz. In trying to understand Kautilya ‘s analysis, we have to keep in mind the fact that in the Kautilyan view, the king encapsulates all the constituents of a state, he has expounded kautilyaa theory in terms of the king – any king. In other words, what Kautilya calls the ‘interest of the king’ would nowadays be termed ‘National Interest’. It is too well catalogued and too practical for that.
The kajtilya should be read in the order Kautilya arrayed than in this re-arranged fashion that helps to make much better sense of ti, but somehow takes away the spirit. The translation also contains a useful Index of Verses By Textual Order — it is meant to assist in finding out in which Part and Section a particular verse of the text has been included.
The Branches Of Knowledge Traditionally, in classical Indian texts, the four branches of knowledge are considered to be: However, it has a much wider significance and the material well-being of individuals is just a part of it. In accordance with this, Kautilya’s Arthashastra maintains that the state or government of a country has a vital role to play in maintaining the material status of both the nation and its people.
The Arthashastra by Kautilya
The Arthashastra is thus ‘the science of politics’ with a significant part dedicated to the science arthasgastra economics. It is the art of government in its widest sense — the maintenance of law and order as also of an efficient administrative machinery The subjects covered include: Its three objectives follow one from the other: The Instruction Manual The Arthashastra is essentially a treatise on the art of government and is, by nature, instructional.
And because it is instructional, it is basis is the practice of government. Atthashastra majority of the treatise is a Manual of Instruction for kings and officers of the state. There are three distinct parts in this manual: The Code of Law and Justice covers both civil and criminal law and is, basically, a Penal Chanakys the extensive and graded penalties and fines prescribed in it have the twin arthashasyra of deterring transgressions and collecting revenue for the state.
Which is why the prime focus of The Arthashastra is good administration that ensures the perpetuation of justice and prosperity in the kingdom.
Against Reductionist Arguments Before we move on, we should face the unfortunate fact that both Kautilya the author and his masterwork the Arthashastra are much misunderstood.
Popularly known as Chanakya, he is maligned and often ridiculed as a teacher of unethical, not to say immoral, practices and as an advocate of the theory that ‘the ends justify the means.
Most people know little of what Kautilya actually said in the Arthashastra. Indeed, the theory deals with not just three states, but with a twelve. Here is a sample of how much more nuanced that simple understanding could be, with a little effort: This popular view is not only simplistic but untrue. A through reading of the treatise is required to appreciate the range and depth of the Arthashastra.
It is a pioneering work on statecraft in all its aspects, written at least one thousand five hundred years ago. He placed great emphasis on the welfare of the people. His practical advice is rooted in dharma. But, as a teacher of practical statecraft, he advocated unethical methods in the furtherance of national interest, but always with very strict qualification. But these are often ignored or just plain unknown to the majority.
Just as Kautilya’s important qualifications to his advocacy of unethical methods is often ignored, so is the voluminous evidence in the Arthashastra of his emphasis on welfare, not only of human beings but also of animals. Welfare in the Arthashastra is not just an abstract concept.
It covers maintenance of social order, increasing economic activity, protection of livelihood, protection of the weaker sections of the population, prevention of harassment of the subjects, consumer protection and even welfare of slaves and prisoners. In short, the Arthashastra is a mixture of both what we applaud today and what we consider to be reprehensible. Kautilya has a great deal to say about civic responsibility; the obligation of every householder to take precautions against fire is mentioned; so is a prohibition on cutting trees in public parks.
Equally, some of Kautilya’s suggestions will be seen by us as unethical. What is essential is that we understand both aspects and use them to learn history as well as to apply to the modern situations.
These duties also meant that the King arthashstra an elaborate support system. The highly centralized Kautilyan state was to be regulated by an elaborate and intricate system as laid out by Kautilya. While at first glance we might think that this high centralization is repulsive, we should also appreciate the difficulties aryhashastra the time.
Most of the empires of the world relied on tight centralization to ensure some degree of success. The extensive responsibilities of the state for promoting economic wellbeing and preserving law and order demand an equally extensive administrative machinery.
Any text on Arthashastra thus has to contain details of the organization of the kautilha service as well as the duties and responsibilities of individual officials. Thus we can see how The Arthashastra was bound to be an elaborate manual that dealt with every minute aspect of administration and daily life.
The Arthashastra is a through discussion on the science of living, along with being a valuable historical document on the conduct of administration. It is thus supremely valuable for the historian but also for a modern political scientist or sociologist or economist or administrator.
A Modern Kautilya All this shows us how close to modern life and administration the Kautilyan ideas come. Reading ancient books is the kaitilya way to rid ourselves of modernist fantasies — artgashastra for communication and transport, in the basic institutions, we are still where we were. The same thing can be said of the role of technology in daily life as well. We can get more things done because we can, but precisely because we can, there are always more things to do. Reality And The Ideal The picture of the ideal Kautilyan state that emerges from our discussion above is one of a well-run state, prosperous and bustling with activity.
But if we are to comprehend clearly Kautilya’s teachings and apply them judiciously to the modern world, we also have to be aware of the essential characteristics of the work. The treatise is about an ideal state – not that such a state actually ever existed or is even likely to exist now or in the future.
To the extent any of the six constituent elements of a state – the ruler, the ministers, the urban and the rural population, the economic power and the military might – differ from the ideals Kautilya has set out, to that extent the advice given by him has to be modified.
I cannot imagine that much would change if a modern Kautilya were to write an Arthashastra arthashasrra, except that he would have a broader, faster reach, and a better chance of enforcing things.
The Illusion arthasastra Governance? This realization should lead us to wonder why Kautilya attempted such an elaborately and minutely planned state architecture — we should consider the possibility that perhaps this level of intrusion into daily life was required, at least at the planning level, precisely because real control was so impossibly difficult? Maybe the Plan was needed for any semblance of governance? Maybe the illusion of minute micro-managed and all-pervasive governance can cover up for the inability to really govern?
The Best in the Market We have seen that the Arthashastra is an exhaustive and detailed inventory of everything a state should do and everything every minor official should do.
A more detailed secular constitution of governance and daily life cannot be imagined. With this legacy, it is no wonder that the much less ambitious Indian Constitution is still the longest in the world, the most detailed and most concerned with trying to micro manage the nuts and bolts of administration. We have also seen how the problems that Kautilya tried to tackle are more or less the same as what modern states fail spectacularly at, even when aided arthashatra more gee-whiz technology.
And this immutability of problems and of solutions is precisely why the level of detail that Kautilya goes into is still valuable for government officials, administrators and citizens. Chana,ya better guidebook has not hit the market yet. View all 43 comments. Mar 27, Hadrian added it Shelves: For a more complete review, you’d likely be better off looking at my friend Riku’s excellent remarks here.
He’s made the effort of writing a more comprehensive summary; I’ll stick with a few brief comments. I’m reminded of a remark that President Kennedy made when he was forming his cabinet after the election in One of his top choices waffled about the decision, saying he wasn’t qualified.
Kennedy deferred by saying, “There’s no school for Presidents. It is, as noted elsewhere, exceedingly wide in scope. The book addresses such wide topics as resource management, the formation of a civil service, espionage, and the writing of treaties.