Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō (南無妙法蓮華經) is the central mantra chanted within all forms of . Dansk · Deutsch · Français · Italiano · Nederlands · 日本語 · Русский · ไทย · Türkçe · Українська; 3 more. Edit links. This page was last edited on This album was designed as an accompaniment to the daily Gongyo performed by practitioners of Nichiren Diashonin’s Buddhism, along with Daimoku.
|Published (Last):||5 October 2004|
|PDF File Size:||16.86 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.68 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Buddhist liturgy italiiano a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist Sangha community in nearly every traditional denomination and sect in the Buddhist world.
It is often done one or more times a day and can vary amongst the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects. The liturgy mainly consists of chanting or reciting a sutra or passages from a sutra, a mantra especially itxliano Vajrayanaand several gathas.
Depending on what practice the practitioner wishes to undertake, it can be done at a temple or at home. The traditional Chinese Buddhist liturgy for morning chanting itaiano Chinese: A typical order for chanting at these services is: All three terms are common Japanese words and none is specific to any particular sect or school.
The word Gongyo originated in ancient China; although nowadays it is more often used in Buddhism, it first appeared in the Taoism classic Zhuang Zi. Chinese philosopher Zhuangzi abstracted and modified this word from an earlier classic of Taoism italjano Laozi’s Tao Te Chingin which it states: During the Sui and Tang dynasties, the buddhist philosophy developed dramatically in central China, and was influenced by Taoism.
Chinese Buddhist philosophers borrowed this word from Taoism classics, and it spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam with Buddhism. The central practice of these schools is the recitation of the name of Amidaalso called the nembutsubut in daily practice a Pure Land practitioner will also chant excerpts of the Larger Sutra of Immeasurable Lifeparticular the sections titled the Sanbutsuge or the Juseigeand in some temples chanting the entire Smaller Sutra of Immeasurable Life may occur once daily or alternatively only on more formal occasions.
In larger Pure Land temples, the daily service is performed by priests or ministers, and lay people can optionally attend and recite along if they wish. The times tialiano these services will vary depending on the individual branch, and individual temple. In traditional Jodo Shinshu Buddhism, lay practitioners may also chant a hymn written by Shinran called the Shoshingewhich is not a sutra per sebut expounds the lineage with which Jodo Shinshu owes its beliefs.
A shorter hymn called the Juniraithe Twelve Praises of Amidacan be used as well. The gongyo of Shingon Buddhism differs amongst various sub-sects, but all of them mainly recite the Hannya Shingyothe mantras of the Thirteen Buddhas and other mantras, the Itzliano Mantraand the gohogo ; the saintly name of Kukai. Nichiren Buddhists perform a form of gongyo that consists of reciting certain passages of the Lotus Sutra and chanting daimoku.
Namu Myōhō Renge Kyō
The format of gongyo varies by itsliano and sect. Some, like Nichiren Shoshu and Nichiren Shu has a prescribed formula which is longheld in their practice use, while others such as Soka Gakkai International variedly changes their Gongyo formats depending on modernity, the most recent being the edition of their liturgy format.
In the Soka Gakkaigongyo is performed to “return to the very foundation of our lives” and “draw wisdom” from inherent Buddha nature and achieves “the fusion or reality and wisdom” .
Nichiren established no formal procedure for gongyo other than the recitation of the 2nd and 16th chapters of the Lotus Ifaliano, and at times even just the verse section of the 16th chapter. Hence the format had changed from time to time through the centuries. At the time the Soka Gakkai came into being, Nichiren Shoshu laity were not expected to do gongyo themselves; priests did it on their behalf. The first two presidents, Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda, taught members “not to hire priests to chant, as had long been customary, but to chant for themselves, a gonggo they found both disarming and empowering” .
The current format has evolved over the years. Originally, it followed the format of Nichiren Shoshuu. In the 70s, silent prayers were added for the success of the Soka Gakkai itself, and in memory of its first two deceased presidents. By the 90s, prayers of appreciation for the priesthood were abandoned.
Currently, after the recitation of the 2nd chapter and the fongyo section of the 16th chapter, daimoku is chanted for as long as desired, after which all the silent prayers are said to conclude gongyo. The sutra recitation now takes only about 5 minutes, leaving more time for the primary practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo . The silent prayers currently are: It is emphasized by the Soka Gakkai, however, that more important than the wording of gognyo prayers is the practitioner’s heartfelt intent in doing gongyo and expressing his or her appreciation and desires .
Nichiren Shu has many types of gongyo a person can perform. It is the act of offering the sutra, daimoku the invocation Nam-myoho-renge-kyoand silent prayers to gongyi Gohonzonthe object of veneration.
Offering the sutra entails reciting the Expedient Means second and the Life Span of the Ogngyo sixteenth chapters of the Lotus Sutra ; the silent prayers are five formal meditations expressing gratitude for the Three Treasures as gohgyo in Italian Shoshuand the merit accrued through Buddhist practices.
Buddhist piety is a common sentiment found in Gongyo among Nichiren Shoshu members. Members of Nichiren Shoshu may only use Juzu prayer beads with pure white cords and white Pom-Pom ornaments, while Nichiren Shoshu priests use an additional set of Juzu prayer beads with white string tassels which they use towards Kito and Lotus Sutra blessings. The rubbing of Juzu prayer beads is prohibited during both Itallano and Shodai or prolonged chanting in Gongyl Shoshu. The number of recitations depends on which silent prayer is to be offered.
The established format consist of five in the morning and three in the evening, with the Expedient Means and Life Gonfyo of the Tathagata chapters recited once for each silent prayer offered. The full Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter is recited only for the second prayer an expression of appreciation to the Dai-Gohonzon ; for all others, only the “verse” portion is recited.
Each recitation of the sutra passages is followed three “prolonged daimoku ” hiki-daimokuwherein each syllable pronounced distinctly and drawn out: Note that the number of or the length of time daimoku is chanted between the final sutra recitation and silent prayer, is discretionary.
Variations on this basic gongyo format, consisting of different combinations of the Expedient Means Chapter and parts of the Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter, are also offered on certain occasions, such as at mid-day meetings, before chanting daimoku hongyo extended periods, and at funerals and celebrations.
The most important gongyo service in Nichiren Shoshu is the Ushitora Gongyo performed daily by the high priest or his proxy when he is unable to officiate.
GONGYO LYRICS (SOKA GAKKAI INTERNATIONAL)
Ushitora Gongyo takes place in the Grand Reception Hall of Head Temple Taisekiji and follows the format of the five-prayer morning gongyo service. It is done between the eponymous hours of the ox ushi The significance of performing Ushitora Gongyo at this time of day derives from earlier Buddhist teachings that describe the hour of the ox as “the end of darkness” and the hour of the tiger as “the beginning of light,” and ones that describe all Buddhas as having attained enlightenment at this time.
The passage from the italianp of the ox to the hour of the tiger therefore symbolizes the transition from the unenlightened condition of a common mortal to the enlightened condition of a Buddha, so the performance of gongyo at this hour serves as a reminder of the true purpose of Buddhist practice: Though in principle Nichiren Shoshu clergy and lay practitioners alike perform gongyo following the three-prayer—five-prayer format passed down through the ages at Head Itapiano Taisekiji, sometimes people under schedule pressure perform shorter variations while increasing the amount of daimoku they offer.
This is because chanting as much daimoku as possible is the main practice of the Nichiren Shoshu faithful, whereas the sutra recitations are an auxiliary practice.
Furthermore, when extreme circumstances prevent someone from performing gongyo according to established convention, it is considered by Nichiren Shoshu members to do a shortened version and chant lots of daimoku than to lose daily contact with the Gohonzon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this articlediscuss the issue gontyo the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva. The Buddhist LiturgyTaiwan: Archived from the original on February 5, Check date values in: The Heart of the Lotus Sutra. University of California Press. Nichiren Shoshu Bongyo of Practicepp.
Part of a series on.