There were reports in that showed that ‘galamsey’ operations in the East Akyem District were polluting the Birim, Densu and Ayensu rivers which served as. Recently, there have been efforts by stakeholders to monitor illegal mining ( galamsey) activities, foster their formalization and reclaim the many abandoned. Ghana, one of the world’s biggest producers of cocoa beans, is facing a leased to galamsey miners in an effort to regulate their operations.
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A galamseyderived from the phrase “gather them and sell”, is a local Ghanaian term which means illegal operationns gold mining in Ghana ; such workers are known as galamseyers or orpailleurs in neighboring francophone nations. Galamseyers are people who perform illegal gold mining independent of mining companies, digging small working pits, tunnels, and sluices by hand.
Causes and effects of galamsey in Ghana
Generally the galamseyers can dig only to a limited depth, far operstions and smaller than commercial mining companies. Under current Ghanaian law, it is illegal for galamseyers to dig on land granted to mining companies as concessions or licenses. Most galamseyers find gold in free metallic dust form or they process oxide or sulphide gold ore using liquid mercury.
The number of galamseyers in Ghana is unknown, but believed to be from 20, to 50, They mostly operate in the southern part of the country where there are substantial reserves of gold deposits, usually within the environs of the larger mining companies.
As a group, they are economically disadvantaged; galamsey settlements are usually poorer than neighboring agricultural villages.
They have high rates of accidents and are exposed to mercury poisoning from their crude processing methods. Many women are among the workers, acting mostly as porters for the miners. In some cases, galamseyers are the first to discover and work extensive gold deposits before mining companies find out and take over. Galamsey workings are an indicator of the presence of gold.
In the francophone countries surrounding Ghana, similar local artisanal gold miners are called orpailleurs. On November 13, a collapse occurred in an illegal, privately owned mine in Dompoase galamseu, in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.
Galamsey – The good, the bad and the ugly –
At least 18 workers were killed, including 13 women, who worked as porters for the miners. Officials described the disaster as the worst mine collapse in Ghanaian history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.