Flora arbórea de la ciudad de Ibagué. Front Cover. Héctor Eduardo Esquivel. Universidad del Tolima, – pages. micos como plantas vasculares terrestres y flora acuática, especies de fauna ( marinas y especies Flora arbórea de la ciudad de Ibagué. Universidad del. usar employer áfrica afrique chefe chef chefe patron flora flora flora flore set set christine christine calais calais ciudad ciudad mauricio mauricio homepage bananier cells cells skoda skoda arbórea arborée plantageneta plantagenêt reconnaîtra tmb mb gentileschi gentileschi teruo teruo ibagué ibagué validus .

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Bertil Nordenstam Technical Editor: BoxS Stockholm, Sweden Director: Floral microcharacters and taxonomy of the genus Tithonia Heliantheae: Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in Plants of Composilae: Occurrence, Identity and Significance 40 Bertil Nordenstam: New combinations in Ecuadorean Senecioneae In his passing we at the Smithsonian have lost a fellow synantherologist, friend, and colleague.

Don Jose worked right up until the end of his life, even in the hospital he continued to ask about preparations for the publication of his submitted manuscript on the Espeletiinae. In spite of his 93 years. Cuatrecasas’ health had been such that it did not seem unrealistic that he would be able to return to his studies and we all expected to see him back at work. This was clearly his intention as is evidenced by his publication this year of the “preliminary” key to Espeletiopsis.

Don Jose, sometimes affectionately called Pepe, loved Botany and his warm nature was immediately apparent to all who knew him. He truly was a sweet, kind, and gentle man who was simultaneously proud of his accomplishments although very modest and humble.

Staff and visitors in Botany, as well as in other departments, frequently visited him in his office. In fact, a stop in his office was very nearly part of the ritual of visiting the Smithsonian.

He took obvious pleasure in showing them and us the wonderful plates of his Espeletiinae treatment and in ending such visits with a round of Guava paste for all. He humorously founded the “School for Style Branches” graduating his only two “students” R. He surpri’sed one of us with the remark “I hear you are sinking one of my genera He had nothing but warm words for all.

Atypically, however, upon learning that Generalissimo Franco would not live out the day simply and slyly said to one of us “I’ll have to call home and ask Martha to put florx Champagne on ice. His early work included studies in Andalusia, early arbroea at chemotaxonomy, and cooperation with the efforts of Macbride to photograph classical type specimens in the herbarium in Madrid.

In a story was told of the manner in which he left Spain which Dr.

Cuatrecasas later told the senior author was incorrect. Actually, he had been on a trip to South America as fllora of the Loyalist government mission honoring a historical event in Colombia. His intentions had been purely botanical, but they were not seen that way by the Franco government that gained power in his absence.

If he had not been warned before returning to Spain on his way through France, his botanical career might have ended almost 60 years ago. It was a time when his professor, P. Return to Ciudaad might have been possible during later decades of the Franco government, but Dr. Cuatrecasas did not choose revisit until after the government had changed.

Cuatrecasas’ first publication was in and his last one is still in press. Ciudas the years he published papers by our countmost of them single authored.


For 73 years he published something nearly every year, missing only, and ; an incredible accomplishment. All synantherologists should be aware of some of his non-asteraceous acconiplishments. These include the founding of Organization for Flora Neotropica; studies on the flora of Magina, Spain, published in the ‘s; monographs of Humiriaceae, Brunelliaceae, and Theobroma; and his Prima Flora Colombiana, which includes important revisionary studies in Burseraceae and Malpighiaceae.

Earlier studies included Cecropia, Theobroma, and genera of the Bombacaceae, Brunelliaceae, Burseraceae, Rubiaceae, Sabaceae, Simaroubaceae, Solanaceae, Violaceae, and studies of Cunoniaceae, Humiriaceae, Malpighiaceae continued through the period when Dr. The efforts in the Heliantheae subuibe Espeletiinae led to a completed manuscript that will be published on all the genera except Espeletiopsis.

Work in the Senecioneae includes papers with Robinson and continnucd with a paper still to be published with S. Studies in the Astereae on Diplostephium and Oritrophium were also continuing at the time of Cuatrecasas’ death.

Don Jose was an excellent photographer and his research files contain numerous photos, some on glass negatives, dating from his field work in Colombia in the ‘s and 40’s. A selection of them with legends that he prepared were on display at the Montane Forest Symposium at the New York Botanical Garden, One of these is a cabin in the mountains made out oiespeletia Figure 1.


Currently the photos are on display in the Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution. Cuatrecasas received many honors in his long career, including festschrifts in Lazaroa, volume 5, ; in Flora Neotropica, Monograph, number 2, supplement, ; in Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, volume 17, ; the Cruz de Boyaca awarded by the Colombian government, and the Gran Cruz de Alfonso X el Sabio by the Spanish government.

Three additional tributes are found in Quercus Cuatrecasas is an author or coauthor of two subtribes, Espeletiinae and Hinterhuberinae, and many genera of the Asteraceae: A quick check of the Index Kewensis gives a list of records novelties, his transfers, transfers by others based on his names, nomina novae with Cuatrecasas in the author field of which an astounding are Compositae records.

Few taxonomists can work in the family Compositae without making use of his work. At the time of the festschrift. Cuatrecasas was listed with B. Merxmiiller, as individuals who had made truly constructive and insightful contributions to the arborex of the Asteraceae in the fu-st ibgue quarters of this Century. Cuatrecasas collected extensively and in areas that were difficult to reach.

Over the years many new taxa have been described based on his collections. Eight genera have been named in honor of Eton Jose in five families, Cuatresia A. Robinson, and Neocuatrecasia R. Additonally, there are now species named for him in the following families: We have found over epithets honoring Cuatrecasas and they take a variety of forms: Tributes of this type will inevitably continue as the flra collections by Cuau-ecasas continue to be studied.

The desuuction of many localities since they were visited by him means thai many of the Cuau-ecasas collections will never be duplicated. His research materials and photographs remain at the Smithsonian Institution. His wife Martha died in He is survived by two sons, Pedro, a medical researcher in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Gil, an artist residing in Barcelona, Spain; a daughter, Teresa Rivera, a teacher living in San Francisco, California; seven grandchildren and three great grandchildren.

His ashes are to be returned to Spain. His memorial service, held in Washington shortly after his death, ended with the words “Farewell Don Jose, Farewell! His research was devoted to systematics and taxonomy, plant ecology, biogeography, and arborsa and collecting, especially the family Asteraceae, in paramo and subparamo regions of Andean South Rlora, therefore, the fund will sponsor competitive botanical research in these areas through a biannual call for proposals. The proposals will be cihdad by a panel of scientists.


The results of the funded projects will be dispersed widely in the ibagu and related communities. Those wishing to contribute to the fund or request ka information should contact the Chairman, Department of Botany, at the address listed above. Lie, Barcelona, Dr. Flora and vegetation of the Magina Mountains, published Postgraduate studies: Devoted to observations in plant ecology and plant collecting. The following regions were especially explored and collected: Ee Cordillera on both slopes and their highest peaks Los Farallonesin several localities; rainforest of The Pacific Coast, along the ivague part of the rivers Micay, Naya, Yurumangui, Cajambre, Anchicaya, Dagua, Calima, San Juan, and Togoroma; mangroves of the west coastal range; Central Cordillera around middle altitude and paramos of Barragan; the high valleys of the Tulua and Bugalagrande rivers; paramos de Las Vegas; Rio Lopez west slopes of Nevado del Huila: During most of these explorations, much ecological and plant distribution data were collected.

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and Smithsonian Institution, with assistance for inland transportation by the Ministerio de Agricultura de Colombia. Venezuela Region of Barlovento, for cacao. Several sections of the savanna and paramos around Bogota up to m. Visiting plantations of old cocoa arborew near Palmira and Puerto Tejada, and the heavily forested lowlands of the Pacific coast in the Rio Calima region.

Paramos of Purace and Guanacas, the latter a Hariweg type-locality. Nicaragua Chinandega, looking for types of cacao. Brazil Esiado Sao Paulo: Cerrado de Cachoeira Emas; Estado Guanabara: Rio de Janeiro; Para: December 14, March 15, Colombia The regions explored were: Valle Paramo de Pan de Aziicarand the dept. Tolima Subparamo El Campanario, forest of Combeima valley ; and the plain of the Valle del Cauca at middle altitude 9 X m and floar of the Cordillera above El Valle m ; the lowlands of the Pacific coast at Buenaventura and Calima river, mainly in search of wild Theobroma species; lowlands of the Caqueta region from Florencia, along the Rio Orteguaza, to the Ri’o Caqueta, mainly in search of species arboeea Theobroma, Cecropia and Compositae.

Trip sponsored by NSF grant. Colombia Flofa Bogota to the Venezuelan border along the Eastern Cordillera, to collect Compositae, especially Espeletia, at classical localities. Boyaca, Paramos de Perlaonso, Almorzadcro and Santurban in dept. Santander and Norte de Santander.


Also the region of Ocafia Norte de Santander and Cesar was explored. The Universidad Nacional of Colombia conunbuled a vehicle for 20 days from Bogota to Ciicuta with a driver cludad an assistant Laureano Rodriguez. Venezuela The headquarters were the Universidad de los Andes in Merida.

With the vehicle which always was provided by the University, the following paramos were visited mainly in search of topo-types of Espeletia species. Paramo de Tama, state of Tachira, near the border with Colombia. Trip sponsored by NSF florz and helped by the Universidad de Los Andes, Merida, which provided private and free transportation and assistance by professors L.

Eastern Cordillera, from Bogota to the northern cities Pamplona and Bucaramanga at the following main spots with Roberto Jaramillo: Further north, the departments of Santander and None de Santander from Bucaramanga and from Pamplona. In Cundinamarca, the subparamo between Choconta and Sesquile. All explorations were limited to paramos and subparamos, at altitudes between and m. February and May