Preparation for the Gospel (Greek: Εὐαγγελικὴ προπαρασκευή), commonly known by its Latin title Praeparatio evangelica, was a work of Christian apologetics written by Eusebius in the. : Eusebius of Caesarea: Praeparatio Evangelica (The Preparation of the Gospel) eBook: Eusebius of Caesarea: Kindle Store. Eusebius’ Praeparatio Evangelica is a masterful work that deﬁes easy categorization. Written between and , soon after Eusebius had become bishop of.
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Praeparatio Evangelica Preparation for the Gospel. Gifford — Book 9. Now since we have surveyed prawparatio proofs that our acceptance of the Hebrew oracles has not been made without just reasoning, but with carefully tested judgement and thought, it is time to observe that the most illustrious of the Greeks themselves have not been unacquainted with the affairs of the Hebrews; but some of them testified to the truth of the historical narratives current among them as well as to their mode of life, while others treated doctrinal theology also in the same manner as they did.
I will bring forward in the first place the subjects which naturally come first, ehsebius how many of the Greek historians have mentioned by name both Jews and Hebrews, and the philosophy anciently taught and practised among them, as well as the history of their forefathers from the earliest times.
And I shall begin my account with their mode of life, so as to teach you that it is not without sober reasoning that we have preferred their philosophy to that of the Greeks. At all events not only their own sacred books, euzebius also the most illustrious of the Greek philosophers, famous even in our own day, bear witness that the duties of practical morality are performed by them in accordance with the rules which have been already examined in the preceding Book.
So now take and read the statements of Theophrastus contained in the writings of Porphyry On Abstinence from Animal Food, as follows:. For instead of feasting upon what had been sacrificed, they made a whole burnt-offering of it by night, and by pouring much honey and wine over it they consumed the sacrifice more quickly, in order that even the all-seeing sun might not be a spectator of the dreadful deed.
praearatio For these were the first to dedicate both the other animals, and themselves, which last they did from necessity and not from any desire. ALSO in the fourth book of the same treatise Porphyry narrates concerning the same people such things as the praeparaatio.
Marriage they disdain for themselves, but choose the sons of others while still easily moulded towards learning; and regarding them as their kindred, impress them with their own moral dispositions: For they have a law that those who eater the sect give up their substance to the common fund of the order, so that among them all there is seen neither humiliation of poverty nor excess of wealth; but every one’s possessions being mixed up together, they all have one praeparatlo like brothers.
They have no one city of their own, but a number of them make their abode in each city, and their means are mutually thrown open to those of the sect who have come from elsewhere; and they are received as familiar friends by those whom they have never seen before: They neither buy nor sell anything, but praepparatio gives what he has himself to the man that wants it, and receives from him in return what is useful to him: For they utter no common words before the sun has risen, but address to him certain prayers handed down by their fathers, as if entreating him prae;aratio rise.
After this they are dismissed by the superintendents to the crafts known to each, and after working vigorously till the fifth hour they then assemble again in one place, and having girded themselves with loin-cloths, so proceed to wash dusebius body with cold water.
And when they have quietly taken their seats, the evaangelica sets loaves in a row before them, and the cook sets before each a single dish of evangelifa kind of meat. Then the priest first says a prayer euaebius the food, as being pure and clean, and it is unlawful for any to taste the food before the prayer.
And when they have finished the meal he again offers a prayer, and thus they honour God both at the beginning and at the end. The cause of this is their constant sobriety, egangelica their limitation of food and drink to the satisfying of hunger. And when in this period he has given proof of self-control, he approaches more nearly to their mode of life, and partakes of the purer waters for ablution. For after the proof of his endurance his moral disposition is tested by two more years, and, if found worthy, he is then enrolled in their company.
For being bound by their oaths and by their customs, they cannot partake of the food which other men have, but eating grass and wasting away by famine, they thus perish. So for this reason they have taken compassion upon many evangeljca the extremity of their distress, and received them back, considering that they had suffered punishment enough for their offences in being thus tortured to death.
And so great is their simplicity and sparingness in regard to food, that they do not need to ease nature on the seventh day, which they are accustomed to keep for singing hymns to God and for rest.
Ethnicity and Argument in Eusebius’ Praeparatio Evangelica – Oxford Scholarship
For indeed this opinion is firmly fixed among them, that though their bodies are perishable, and their material substance not lasting, their souls remain for ever immortal; and coming from the subtlest ether, drawn down by some natural force, they become entangled with the body, but when they are released from the bonds of the flesh they then rejoice, as if delivered from long bondage, and are borne up aloft.
This was the testimony of Porphyry, drawn probably from ancient records, both to the piety and the philosophy of the persons aforesaid, in the fourth book of his careful work On Abstinence from Animal Food. BUT Hecataeus of Abdera, who was both a philosopher and very competent in active life, devoted a special book to the history of the Jews, and gives very many details concerning them, from which it will for the present suffice to quote the following:.
But there is no image nor any votive offering at all, nor any plant, absolutely nothing of the nature of a grove or anything of this kind. And I will quote what he says was done by a Jew in the expedition when he was himself present: And when the soothsayer showed him the bird, and said, that if it remained in the same place, it was expedient for all to halt, but if it rose and flew forward, they should advance, and if it flew back, they must retire again, then this man made no reply, but drew his bow and shot, and hit the bird and killed it.
eusebus Then taking the bird into his hands, he said, For how could this bird, which could not foresee how to save itself, have given us any sound information concerning our march? For had it been able to foreknow what would happen, it would not have come to this place, for fear lest Mosollam the Jew should shoot at and kill it. These are the statements of Hecataeus. Now, said he, understand clearly, Hyperochides, I shall seem to you to relate what is as marvellous as dreams.
Then Hyperochides modestly replied, Yes, that is the very reason why we all desire to hear it.
Praeparatio evangelica – Wikipedia
Now these are descendants of the philosophers of India; and philosophers, it is said, are called among the Indians Calani, but among the Syrians they evangepica called Judaeans, having taken their name from the place. For the place which they inhabit is called Judaea: And as at that time we were dwelling in Asia, the man having landed in the same neighbourhood fell into conversation with us and some others of the studious sort, to make trial of their wisdom.
And as he had lived in intimacy with many of the learned, he imparted somewhat more than he received. So in the first hundred and seventy years, though they built themselves temples, they made no image, neither in sculpture nor yet in painting.
Plato too has followed our legislation, and has praeparario studied carefully the several precepts contained in it. ALSO in his third book the same author makes mention of Moses, speaking as follows: Now by these words Numenius bears witness both to the marvellous wonders performed by Moses, and to Moses himself as having been beloved of God.
And thus he speaks:. BUT Porphyry, in the first book of his Philosophy from Oracles, introduces his own god as himself bearing witness to the wisdom of euswbius Hebrew race as well as of the other nations renowned for intelligence. It is his Apollo who speaks as follows in an oracle which he is uttering; and while still explaining the subject of sacrifices, he adds words which are well worthy of attention, as being full of all divine knowledge:.
The discovery was ascribed by the god to Egyptians, Phoenicians, Chaldeans for these are eusebkus AssyriansLydians, and Hebrews. Moses, in his ancient history of the whole world, had given an account of a deluge, and how he whom the Hebrews call Noe was preserved with his family in an ark made of wood; and Josephus, in the first book of his Antiquities, sets forth in the following manner how the historical writers. Berossus the Chaldee, and Hieronymus the Eussbius, and Nicolaus of Damascus, make mention of the same wusebius.
For in narrating the circumstances of the flood, he describes it thus:. And the people use what they fvangelica away chiefly for charms to avert misfortunes. Nicolaus also of Damascus gives an account of them in his ninety-sixth book, speaking thus: There is above Minyas a great mountain in Armenia called Baris, to which, as the story goes, many fled evanbelica refuge at the time of the deluge and were saved; and a certain man borne on an ark landed on the top of the mountain, and the remains of the timbers were preserved for a long time.
Now this must be the euusebius of whom Moses, the Lawgiver of the Jews, wrote. BUT after mentioning the Median and Assyrian records from the work of Abydenus, I will set before you his statements concerning this same story, as follows:. But eudebius the third day, when the rain had abated, he proceeded to let loose some of the birds, to try whether they saw land anywhere that evange,ica emerged from the water.
BUT again, as Moses asserted that the first generations of mankind had been long-lived, Josephus brings forward the Greek writers as witnesses of this statement also, speaking as follows:. For both Manetho who recorded the Egyptian History, and Berossus who collected the Chaldean annals, and Molos, and Hestiaeus, and in addition to them the Egyptian Hieronymus, and the compilers of Phoenician history, agree with what I say.
Hesiod too, and Hecataeus, and Hellanicus, and Acusilaus, and besides these Ephorus and Nicolaus record that the ancients lived a thousand years. So on these matters let men speculate each as it may please him. AGAIN, whereas Moses wrote an account of the building eusebjus the tower, and how from one language men passed into the confusion of many dialects, the paeparatio just before mentioned, in his work entitled Of Assyrian History, bears the like testimony, speaking as follows:.
And being up to that praepqratio of one tongue, they received from the gods a confused language; and afterwards war arose between Cronos and Titan. For the Hebrews call confusion “Babel. But praepartaio gods sent winds against the tower and overthrew it, and gave to each man a peculiar language, and for this reason it came to pass that the city was called Babylon. AGAIN, as Moses has set forth at large the history of Abraham the forefather of the Hebrews, Josephus says that the foreign historians also bear witness to him, writing as follows:.
But after no long time he removed eusebkus this country also, and migrated with his own people into what was then called Canaan, but now Judaea, and so did afterwards the multitude of his descendants, concerning whom I shall relate in another discourse what is recorded in history. Even now the name of Abraham is glorified in the district of Damascus, and a village is pointed out which is called from him the Habitation of Abraham.
For before Abraham’s arrival the Egyptians were ignorant of these subjects; for they wusebius from the Chaldees into Egypt, and thence came also to the Greeks. AND with this agrees also Alexander Polyhistor, a man of great intellect and much learning, and very well known to those Greeks who have gathered the fruits of education in no perfunctory manner: And afterwards the Armenians invaded the Phoenicians; and when they had been victorious, and had taken his nephew prisoner, Abraham came to the rescue with his servants, and prevailed over the captors, and made prisoners of the wives and children of the enemy.
And when he had called for the soothsayers, they said that the woman was not a widow; and thus the king of Egypt learned that she was Abraham’s wife, and gave her back to her husband.
But the Greeks say that Atlas invented astrology, and that Atlas is the same as Enoch: And he, they say, came with all his household into Egypt, to Pharethothes the king of the Egyptians, and taught him astrology; and after remaining there twenty years, removed back again into the regions of Syria: And having taken two wives, the one of his own country and kindred, and the other an Egyptian handmaiden, he euebius by the Egyptian twelve sons, who went off into Arabia and divided the land among them, and were the first who reigned over the people of the country: And he led his son up to the mountain, and heaped up a pyre, and set Isaac thereon; but when about to slay him he was forbidden by an Angel, who provided him with a ram for the offering: This then from the fore-mentioned work of Polyhistor.
But Josephus also in the first book of his Antiquities mentions the same author in the following passage:. And these, he says, joined Prawparatio in his expedition against Libya and Antaeus: And of him was born Sophonas, from whom the barbarian Sophae are called. And as Rachel did not bear she became envious of her sister, and gave her own handmaid Zilpah to be Jacob’s concubine, at which same time Bilhah conceived Nephthalim, in the eleventh year and fifth month, and bare a son in the twelfth year and second month, and Leah called him Gad: And at the same time when Leah bare evangekica daughter Dinah, Rachel also conceived in her womb, and in the fourteenth year and eighth month bare a son, who was named Joseph, so that in the seven years spent with Laban there were born twelve children.
And the Angel said to him, that henceforth uesebius should przeparatio longer be called Jacob but Israel. And Israel’s sons Symeon being twenty-one years and four months old, and Levi twenty years and six months, rushed forth and slew both Emmor and his son Sychem, and all their males, because of the defilement of Dinah: Thence he came to Chaphratha, and thence journeyed to Ephratha, which is Bethlehem, and begat there a son Benjamin; and Rachel died after giving birth to Benjamin, when Jacob had lived with her twenty-three years.
Now Joseph was at that time seventeen years old, and he was sold into Egypt, and had remained in the prison thirteen years, so that he was then thirty years old; and Jacob was a hundred and ten years old, one year before which time Isaac died, being a hundred eusrbius eighty years old.
Evqngelica that this was the reason why he did not send for him, Joseph himself declares. For when his kindred came, he told them that, if they should be summoned by the king and asked what was their occupation, they should say that they were breeders of cattle.
He praeparatik done this because his father had had seven sons by Leah, and two by his mother Rachel: And Levi was a hundred and thirty-seven years old when he died; and when Clath was forty years old he begat Amram, who was fourteen years old when Joseph died in Egypt being evajgelica hundred and ten years old: Amram took to wife his uncle’s daughter Jochabet, and when he was seventy-five years old begat Aaron and Moses; but when he begat Moses Amram was seventy-eight years old, evanelica Amram was a hundred and thirty-six years old when he died.
No leafy copse the weary wanderer found: So Jacob himself was a landholder, but his sons, eleven in number, praeparatoo shepherds, and his daughter Dinah and his wives wrought wool.
And Dinah while yet a virgin came to Shechem when there was a great praeparato, wishing to see the city: And changeless still the law which God decreed. And this is what he says:. But he became aware of their conspiracy, and besought the neighbouring Arabs to convey him across to Egypt: And when he had come to Egypt and been commended to the king, he was made administrator of the whole country.
And whereas the Egyptians previously occupied the laud in an irregular way, because the country was not divided, and the weaker were unjustly treated by the stronger, he was the first to divide the land, and mark it out with boundaries, and much that lay waste he rendered fit for tillage, and allotted certain of the arable lands to the priests.