Oct 8, Common name: Elephant Apple, Indian catmon, Hondapara Tree, Ma-tad • Hindi: चलता Chalta, Karambel • Nepali: पांच फल Paanca phal. Dillenia indica is a species of Dillenia native to southeastern Asia, from India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is an evergreen large shrub or small to. : Fresh Dillenia Indica – Elephant Apple – Rare Tropical Plant Tree 5 Seeds: Garden & Outdoor.
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Energy 59 kcal; Protein 0. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Search in all groups Search within this group. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Observation specific search options Observed during. Document specific search options Title.
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Or, Login with your user account:. Remember me Forgot password? Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Send a request for permission. Girnar Or Hondapara Tree. Overview Overview Diagnostic Diagnostic Keys. A structured diagnostic description using dichotomic or multientrance keys.
Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D.
India Biodiversity Portal
A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.
Assam State Biodiversity Board, Guwahati. Defines and describes life history of a living organism, meaning the dillneia of obligatory developmental transformations in an organism from fertilised zygote to maturity. Also discusses timing, though morphology of each form would be better placed in the field for Morphology.
June to August and fruiting: Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by indixa repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.
Dillenia indica – Elephant Apple
It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Includes cues, strategies, restraints, rates. Dillenia species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.
Pollination is entomophilous i. Seeds dispersed by barochory i. Describes methods, circumstances, and timing of dispersal includes both natal dispersal and interbreeding indicx. Any information on longevity, including the average period an organism can be expected to survive. Describes growth rates, allometries, parameters inndica to be predictive, morphometrics. Can also include hypotheses of paedomorphy or neoteny, etc. Trees, ca 20m; buttressed indiica base.
Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. May also be referred to include anatomy. It is dilleniia evergreen large shrub or small to medium-sized tree growing up to 15 m tall. The leaves are about cm long, with a conspicuously corrugated surface with impressed veins.
The flowers are large, about cm in diameter, with five white petals and numerous yellow stamens. Its characteristic round fruits are large, greenish yellow, have many seeds. Dilpenia fruit is a cm diameter aggregate of 15 carpels, each carpel containing five seeds embedded in a fibrous pulp.
An evergreen tree upto 20 mts in height. Branches generally ascending, often fluted at the base and branchlets marked with v shaped leafscars. Leaves 14 – 30 cm by 7 – 12 cm. Trees about ft tall and girth of about ft, often fluted and buttressed at the base. Bark reddish brown, smooth, when peeled off into thin hard scales or fragile flakes reddish brown inside with fine deep red lines, branches appressed, silky and hairy. Leaves oblanceolate-elliptic or narrow elliptic, x cm across, more or less V shaped in transverse section, base acute or cuneate, margins sub entire or serrate-dentate, apex acute, chartaceous, strigose mainly on the veins beneath, lateral veins on either side of the midrib, ascending obscure, impressed above, more prominent on the midrib and prominent on the veins beneath, glabrescent when mature beneath, petioles stout, wider at the base, canaliculated, about 2.
Flowers solitary near the shoots of older branches, white or creamish, about 15 x 20 cm across, pedicels thick, silky hairy, about cm long, bracts, lanceolate, about 5 mm long, Calyx 5 toothed, sepals ovate, elliptic, apex obtuse or acute, about x mm across, Corolla 5 lobed, petals obovate, yellow, apex obtuse or rounded, about x cm across, Stamens free, numerous, outer stamens inwardly curved, about mm long, inner stamens outwardly curved, about mm long, anthers linear.
Carpelsaround the conical receptacle, with ovules on adaxial double placentas, styles flattened, linear lanceolate or oblanceolate, about mm long, Fruits pseudocarps indehiscent, enclosed by enlarged thickened sepals, about cm in diameter, subglobose, yellowish green when ripe.
Fruiting carpels, about cm across, with 5 seeded, seeds reniform, compressed, about 6 x 4 mm across, reddish brown to black, echinate and with hairs along the margin. Description of diseases that the organism is subject to. Disease-causing organisms can also be listed under associations. General description diplenia the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc.
Tropical and subtropical evergreen forests altitude up to ft. Naturally occur in damp places near swamps and river banks. Enumerates geographic entities where the invica lives. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Belgaum, Coorg, Shimoga Dilleniia Kannur, Wynad Tamil Nadu: Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Related observations Show all. Negative impacts on humans, communities. The threats to which this taxon is subject.
Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses. Fruits Fleshy calyx are eaten raw as well as cooked. Also prepared with Dal or pulses during hot season. Mucilage found in the fruit diolenia used to wash hair as shampoo and considered good for hair growth Nutritional Value Energy 59 kcal; Protein 0. Known or potential benefits of the species for indicaa, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.
It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Can include ecosystem services. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed. Dilpenia are edible, used as laxative, tonic, as substitute for tamarind in Indian cuisines, for making jams and jellies.
Flowers are used as vegetable. Fleshy calyx eaten raw as well as cooked as vegetable suited with fish, pulses and root vegetable; pickles, Jam etc.
Mucilage found in the fruit is used to wash hair as shampoo and considered good for hair growth. Considered to have anti-dandruff and anti-hair fall properties. In Ayurveda, it is believed to have aphrodisiac properties promoting virility.
Encyclopedia of Life EOL. I,Flora of Karnataka, Sharma B. Published on the Internet http: Published on the Internet; http: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: Deep Printers, New Delhi. Kosal Ram of Cyber Media, Bangalore. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Accessed 15 Jan Downloaded on 31 August