The Cypher refcard Cypher is the declarative query language for Neo4j, the world’s leading graph database, and it keeps evolving with time. The language is . Contribute to nawroth/cypher-refcard development by creating an account on GitHub. Limit the number of results. SKIP $skipNumber LIMIT $limi tNumber. Skip results at the top and limit the number of results. The Cypher Refcard is also available.

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Use a predicate to filter. Putting it after a different clause in a query refacrd alter what it does. It separates query parts explicitly, allowing you to declare which variables to carry over to the next part. Match a pattern or create it if it does not exist. This shows a standalone call to the built-in procedure db. Note that required procedure arguments are given explicitly in brackets after the procedure name. Calls the built-in procedure cypjer. Calls inside a larger query always requires passing arguments and naming results cyphsr with YIELD.

Use a different field terminator, not the default which is a comma with no whitespace around it. Not knowing two values does not imply that they are the same value. Arithmetic expressions, comparisons and function calls except coalesce will return null if any argument is null. Variable length path of any number of relationships from n to m. The list of relationships comprising a variable length path can be returned using named paths and relationships.

List elements can tefcard accessed with idx subscripts in square brackets. Invalid indexes return null. Out of range elements are ignored. The example matches all names from a list of names.

Neo4j Cypher Refcard

Returns true if the predicate is true for at least one element in the list. Returns true if the predicate is true for exactly one element in the list. The ELSE value is optional, and substituted for null if missing. Predicates are evaluated in order. All return null for an empty list.

Converts the given input into a floating point number if possible; otherwise it returns null. Returns a point in a 2D geographic coordinate system, with coordinates specified in decimal degrees. Returns a point in a 3D geographic coordinate system, with latitude and longitude in decimal degrees, and height in meters. Returns a floating point number representing the linear distance between two points.

The returned units will be the ccypher as those of the point coordinates, and it will work for both 2D and 3D cartesian points.


Returns the geodesic distance reffcard two points in meters. It can be used for 3D geographic points as well. All of the temporal functions can also be called with a map of named components. This example returns a date from yearmonth and day components.

Each eefcard supports a different set of possible components. Temporal types can be created by combining other types. This example creates a datetime from a date and a time.

Central Repository: org/neo4j/doc/neo4j-cypher-refcard-tests/

Temporal types can be created by selecting from more complex types, as well as overriding individual components. This example creates a date by selecting from a datetimeas well as overriding the day component. Returns a date of It is also possible to subtract durations from temporal instances. Returns a random number in the range from 0 inclusive to 1 exclusive[0,1. Returns a new value for each call.

Also useful for selecting a subset or random ordering. Round to the nearest integer; ceil and floor find the next integer up or down. Trigonometric functions also include costancotasinacosatanatan2and haversin.

All arguments for the trigonometric functions should be in radians, if not otherwise specified. Logarithm base 10, natural logarithm, e to the power of the parameter, and the value of e. Replace all occurrences of search with replacement. All arguments must be expressions. Similar functions are avgminmax. Continuous percentile is percentileCont. The percentile argument is from 0. Standard deviation for a sample of a population. For an entire population use stDevP.

Create a composite index on the label Person and the properties name and age. An index can be automatically used for the equality comparison. Note that for example toLower n.

Learning Neo4j by Rik Van Bruggen

A composite index can be automatically used for equality comparison of both properties. Note that there needs to be predicates on all properties of the composite index for it to be used. Index usage can be enforced when Cypher uses a suboptimal index, or more than one index should be used. Create a unique property constraint on the label Person and property name. If any other node with that label is updated or created with a name that already exists, the write cupher will fail. This constraint will create an accompanying index.

Drop the unique constraint and index on the label Person and property name. If a node with that label is created without a nameor if the name property is removed from an existing node with the Person label, the write operation will fail. If a relationship with that type is created without a whenor if the when property is removed from ccypher existing relationship with the LIKED type, the write operation will fail.


Use parameters instead of literals when possible. This allows Cypher to re-use your queries instead of having to parse and build new execution plans.

Always set an upper limit for your variable length patterns. Return only the data you need. See Query Tuning for more information on these and other topics, such as planner hints. Returns the distinct union of all query results. Result column types and names have to match. Create a relationship with the given type and direction; bind a variable to it. Create a relationship with the given type, direction, and properties.

MERGE finds or creates a relationship between the nodes. Commit the current transaction after every rows when importing large amounts of data. Relationship in any direction between n and m. Node n labeled Person with relationship to m. Variable length path of between 1 and 5 relationships from n to m. Matches nodes labeled Person with the given name.

Lists [‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’] AS list. Pattern comprehensions may be used to do a custom projection from a match directly into a list. Map projections may be easily constructed from nodes, relationships and other map values. Literal maps are declared in curly braces much like property maps.

eefcard Maps can be passed in as parameters and used either as a map or by accessing keys. Map entries can be accessed by their keys. Invalid keys result in an error. Either the property does not exist or the refcad is true. Non-existing property returns nullwhich is not equal to anything.

Properties may also be accessed using a dynamically computed property name. Exclude matches to n -[: Returns true if the predicate is true for all elements in the list. Returns recfard if the predicate is false for all elements in the list. A list of the value of the expression for each element in the original list. A filtered list of the elements where the predicate is true. Evaluate expression for each element in the list, accumulate the results. Converts the given input into an integer if possible; otherwise it returns null.

Converts the given input into a boolean gefcard possible; otherwise it returns null. Returns a list of string representations for the property names of a node, relationship, or map. Returns a map containing all the properties of a node or relationship.