CHRISTOPHER HITCHENS THE PORTABLE ATHEIST PDF

The Portable Atheist has ratings and reviews. Christopher Hitchens continues to make the case for a splendidly godless universe in this first-ever. quotes from The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever: ‘ Owners of dogs will have noticed that, if you provide them with food and w. Christopher Hitchens’s personally curated New York Times bestselling anthology of the most influential and important writings on atheism, including original.

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The Portable Atheist Quotes Showing of Whereas owners of cats are compelled to realize that, if you provide them with food and water and shelter and affection, they draw the conclusion that they are gods. Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever. Yet this is precisely the qualification which the godly christoopher claim—so modestly and so humbly—to possess. It is time to withdraw our ‘respect’ from such fantastic claims, all of them aimed at the exertion of power over other humans in the real and material world.

The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever

Based upon fear and hope, such morality has always been a vile product, imbued partly chdistopher self-righteousness, partly with hypocrisy. As to truth, justice, and fidelity, who chrristopher been their brave exponents and daring proclaimers? Nearly always the godless ones: They knew that justice, truth, and fidelity are not conditioned in heaven, but that they are related to and interwoven with the tremendous changes going on in the social and material life of the human race; not fixed and eternal, but fluctuating, even as life itself.

It was the best the species could do at a time when we had no concept of physics, chemistry, biology or medicine. We did not know that we lived on a round planet, let alone that the said planet was in orbit in a minor and obscure solar system, which was also on the edge of an unimaginably vast cosmos that was exploding away from its original source of energy.

We did not know that micro-organisms were so powerful and lived in our digestive systems tge order to enable us to live, as well as mounting lethal attacks on us as parasites. We did not know of our close kinship with other animals.

We believed that sprites, athesit, demons, and djinns were hovering in the air about htchens. We imagined that thunder and lightning were portentous. It has taken us a long time to shrug off this heavy coat of ignorance and fear, and every time we do there are self-interested forces who want to compel us to put it back on again.

To this I reply: How happy we ought to be, xtheist the reflection chrisyopher there exists not a shred of respectable evidence to support such a horrible hypothesis. It is not a creed. Death is certain, replacing both the siren-song of Paradise and the dread of Hell.

Life on this earth, with all its mystery and beauty and pain, is then to be lived far more intensely: There is nothing more; but I want nothing more. Exchange views with a believer even for a short time, and let us make the assumption that this is a mild and decent believer who does not open the bidding by telling you that your unbelief will endanger your soul and condemn you to hell.

It lortable not be long until you are politely asked how you can possibly know right from wrong. Without holy awe, what is to prevent you form resorting to theft, murder, rape, and perjury? It will sometimes be conceded that non-believers have led ethical lives, and it will also be conceded as it had better be that many believers have been responsible for terrible crimes. Nonetheless, the working assumption hiychens that we should have no moral compass if we were not somehow in thrall to an unalterable and unchallengeable celestial dictatorship.

What a repulsive idea! Whereas owners of cats are compelled to realize that, if you portbale them poetable food and water and shelter and affection, they draw the conclusion that they are god. Cats may sometimes share the cold entrails of a kill with you, but this is just what a god might do if he was in a good mood.

It might be better if I broadened this somewhat, and said those that dispute the existence of an intervening god. Religion is, after all, more than the belief in a supreme being. It is the cult of that supreme being and the belief that his or her wishes have been made known or can be determined. Defining matters in this way, I can allow myself to mention great critics such as Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine, who perhaps paradoxically regarded religion as an insult to god.

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Man makes religion, religion does not make man. In other words, religion is the self-consciousness and self-feeling of man who has either not yet found himself or has already lost himself again. Human sacrifices were made preeminently in times of epidemics, useless prayers were uttered, bogus “miracles” attested to, and scapegoats–such as Jews or witches–hunted down and burned.

Many writers and witnesses, guessing the connection between sexual repression and religious fervor, have managed to rescue themselves and others from its deadly grip by the exercise of wit. And much of religion is so laughable on its face that writers from Voltaire to Bertrand Russell to Chapman Cohen have had great fun at its expense.

In our own day, the humor of scientists such as Richard Dawkins and Carl Sagan has ridiculed the apparent inability of the creator to know, let alone to understand, what he has created. Gods seem not to know of any animals except the ones tended by their immediate worshippers and seem to be ignorant as well of microbes and the laws of physics.

Leucippus, Democritus, and Epicurus. These men concluded that the world was composed of atoms in perpetual motion, and Epicurus, in particular, went on to argue that the gods, if they existed, played no part in human affairs.

It followed that events like thunderstorms were natural and not supernatural, that ceremonies of worship and propitiation were a waste of time, and that there was nothing to be feared in death.

The Portable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Nonbeliever by Christopher Hitchens

There are the beauties of science and the extraordinary marvels of nature. There is the consolation and irony of philosophy.

There are the infinite splendors of literature and poetry, not excluding the liturgical and devotional aspects of these, such as those found in John Donne or George Herbert. There is the grand resource of art and music and architecture, again not excluding those elements that aspire to the sublime. In all of these pursuits, any one of them enough to absorb a lifetime, there may be found a sense of awe and christo;her that does not depend at all on any invocation of the supernatural.

Indeed, nobody armed by art and culture and literature and philosophy is likely to be anything but bored and sickened by ghost stories, UFO tales, spiritualist experiences, or babblings from the beyond. All of these things cater to our inborn stupidity, and our willingness to be persuaded against all the evidence that we are indeed the center of the universe and that everything is arranged with us in mind. But the humans took God literally and now there are six billion of them.

If anything proves that religion is not just man-made but masculine-made, it is the incessant repetition of rules and taboos governing the sexual life. Male and female genital mutilation; the terrifying of infants with hideous fictions about guilt and hell; the wild prohibition of masturbation: Against this insane eschatology, with its death wish and its deep contempt for the life of the mind, atheists have always argued hitchwns this world is all that we have, and that our duty is to one another to make the very most and best nitchens it.

Theism cannot coexist with this unexceptionable conclusion.

The Portable Atheist Quotes by Christopher Hitchens

As though Atheiet had turned away from the wise, and written His decrees, not in the mind of man but in the entrails of beasts, or left them to be proclaimed by the inspiration and instinct of fools, madmen, and birds.

Such is the unreason to which terror can drive mankind! Superstition, then, is engendered, preserved, and fostered by fear. I think this is sufficiently plain to all, and will therefore say no hittchens on the subject. It exacts maximum servility and abjection, requiring you to regard yourself as conceived and born in sin and owing a duty to a stern creator.

But in return, it places you at the center of the universe and assures you that you are the personal object of a heavenly plan. A strong inclination may prompt him to the performance: A sentiment of order and moral obligation joins its force to these natural ties: Thhe the whole man, if truly virtuous, is drawn to his duty, without any effort or endeavour.

Even with regard to the virtues, hitchns are more austere, and more founded on reflection, such as public spirit, filial duty, temperance, or integrity; the moral obligation, in our apprehension, removes all pretension to religious merit; and the virtuous conduct is deemed no more than what we owe to society and to ourselves.

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In all this, a superstitious man finds nothing, which he athheist properly performed for the sake of his deity, or which can peculiarly recommend him to the divine favor and protection. He considers not, that the most genuine method of serving the divinity is by promoting the happiness of his creatures. He still looks out for some immediate service of the supreme Being, in order to allay those terrors, atheisr which he is haunted.

And any practice, recommended to him, which either serves to no purpose in life, or offers the strongest violence to his natural inclinations; chritopher practice he will the more readily embrace, on account of those very circumstances, which should make him absolutely reject it.

It seems the more purely religious, because it proceeds from no mixture of any other motive or consideration. And if, for its sake, he sacrifices much of his ease and quiet, his claim of merit appears still to rise upon him, in proportion to the zeal and devotion, which he discovers.

In restoring a loan, or paying a debt, his divinity is nowise beholden to him; because these acts of justice are what he was bound to perform, and what many would have performed, were there no god in the universe.

The Portable Atheist

But if he fast a day, or give himself a sound whipping; this has a direct reference, in his opinion, to the service of God. No other motive could engage him to such austerities.

By these distinguished marks of devotion, he has now acquired the divine favor; and may expect, in recompense, protection, and safety in this world, and eternal happiness in the next.

But though, in proceeding by this rule, we readily reject any fact which is unusual and incredible in an ordinary degree; yet in advancing farther, the mind observes not always the same rule; but when anything is affirmed utterly absurd and miraculous, it rather the more readily admits of such a fact, upon account of that very circumstance, which ought to destroy all its authority. The passion of surprise and wonder, arising from miracles, being an agreeable portablw, gives a sensible tendency towards the belief of those events, from which it is derived.

And this goes so far, that even those who cannot enjoy this pleasure immediately, nor can believe those miraculous events, of which they are informed, yet love to partake of the satisfaction at secondhand or by rebound, and place a pride and delight in exciting the admiration of others. But if the spirit of religion join itself to the love of wonder, there is an end of common sense; and human testimony, in these circumstances, loses all pretensions to authority.

A religionist may be an enthusiast, and imagine he sees what has no reality: He may know his narrative to be false, and yet hitchems in it, with the best intentions in the world, for the sake of promoting so holy a cause: Or even where this delusion has not place, vanity, excited by so strong a temptation, operates on him more powerfully than on the rest of mankind in any other circumstances; and self-interest with equal force.

Poryable auditors may not have, and commonly have not, sufficient judgment to canvass his evidence: What judgment they have, they renounce by principle, in these sublime and mysterious subjects: Or if they were ever so willing to employ it, passion and a heated imagination disturb the regularity of its operations.

Their credulity increases his impudence: And his impudence overpowers their credulity. This is our natural way of thinking, even with regard to the most common and most credible events.

There is no kind of report which rises so easily, and spreads so quickly, especially in country places and provincial towns, as those concerning marriages; insomuch that two young persons of equal condition never see each other twice, but the whole neighbourhood immediately join them together.

The pleasure of telling a piece of news so interesting, of propagating it, and of being the first reporters of it, spreads the atheeist. And this is so well known, that no man of sense gives attention to these reports, till he find them confirmed by some greater evidence.

Do not the same passions, and hiychens still stronger, incline the generality of mankind to believe and report, with the greatest vehemence and assurance, all religious miracles?